Avoiding Patent, Trademark And Copyright Problems by Thomas G. Field
Patents, copyrights and trademarks, as well as know-how or trade secrets, are often collectively referred to as intellectual property. Many firms have such property withouteven being aware of it or of the need to take measures to protect it.
Many people’s notions of intellectual property are unrealistic. Some believe, for example, that having a patent on a product will enable one to succeed in the marketplace. Consequently, they may spend thousands of dollars to obtain the exclusive rights to market something
Questions and Answers
on Patent Law for Academic Research Scientists
by Edward R. Gates, E. Robin Plumer, Michael J. Twomey
What is a patent?
A patent is both a disclosure of an invention to the public and an exclusive right to the invention for a term of years.In essence, the government grants the inventor exclusive rights to the invention in exchange for a full disclosure of the very best way known to the inventor of making and using the invention.When the term of the patent expires, the inventor’s exclusive rights are lost but the disclosure remains forever with the public.
The patent right is specified in Article I of the U.S.Constitution, and its purpose is to “promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts.”Thomas Jefferson (the first “Commissioner of Patents”) and the other founders believed that society is best served when creative minds are provided incentive to invent, provided the incentive does not stifle the creative efforts of others.For over two hundred years, the United States patent system has evolved and adapted to maintain this balance. More…